Key Organics have expanded the BIONET Fluorine Fragment Library which now includes 533 fluorinated fragments. The library has the following key features and benefits:
Properties were calculated using DataWarrior1 and FAFDrugs42.
19F and 1H NMR were employed to select compounds with appropriate solution behaviour to be amenable to biophysical analysis in physiologically relevant aqueous solution. Each singleton sample consisted of nominal 300 μM compound in buffer (50 mM sodium phosphate pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl). 1H NMR spectra were acquired on a 600 MHz spectrometer equipped with a helium cryoprobe that significantly increased signal-to-noise. Simple 1D 19F and 1H NMR spectra were acquired along with a series of 1D 1H CPMG spectra, which were used to detect compounds showing potential aggregation in aqueous solution. The CMC Assist automation software allowed for automatic readout of the fragment concentration that was experimentally derived from integrating the NMR resonances of each singleton sample and referencing to standardized samples using the ERETIC module (Bruker Spectrospin Inc.)10. The CMC Assist module also allowed for verification of each singleton spectrum to determine if the spectral attributes were consistent with the proposed primary structure of the corresponding fragment. This exercise was also complemented by an automated analysis using Spectral DB software (ACD Inc.).
The spin−spin relaxation Carr−Purcell− Meiboom−Gill NMR experiment has been employed to detect and remove aggregate species from Key Organics BIONET Premium and Fluorine Fragment libraries5.
Small molecules can self-assemble in aqueous solution into a wide range of nanoentity types and sizes (dimers, n-mers, micelles, colloids, etc.), each having their own unique properties. This has important consequences in the context of drug discovery including issues related to nonspecific binding, off-target effects, and false positives and negatives. The spin−spin relaxation Carr−Purcell− Meiboom−Gill NMR experiment is sensitive to molecular tumbling rates and can expose larger aggregate species that have slower rotational correlations. The strategy easily distinguishes lone-tumbling molecules versus nanoentities of various sizes. The technique is highly sensitive to chemical exchange between single molecule and aggregate states and can therefore be used as a reporter when direct measurement of aggregates is not possible by NMR.
# clusters at 0.85 similarity = 456 singletons. 490 clusters / 533 fragments = 91.9%
No Data Found
1. DataWarrior: An Open-Source Program for Chemistry Aware Data Visualization and Analysis. J Chem Inf Model 2015.
2. FAFDrugs4: M.; Miteva, S.; Violas, M.; Montes, D.; Gomez, P.; Tuffery, B.; Villoutreix. Nucleic Acids Research. 2006,34 (2), W738–W744.
3. Rules for identifying potentially reactive or promiscuous compounds. Bruns et al, J. Med. Chem, 2012 (53).
4. Baell, J. B.; Holloway, G. A. J. Med. Chem. 2010, 53 (7), 2719–2740.
The BIONET Fluorine Fragment Library is available custom-weighed in milligram or micromolar quantities. Customers can purchase the entire library or select any number of compounds as required.
A comprehensive review of the design process employed in constructing the BIONET Fluorine Fragment Library is available as a PDF by clicking here
For further information or to discuss your requirements, please contact Andrew Lowerson by email or on +44 (0)1840 212137
We maintain good stock levels of our Fragment Libraries. Indeed, a large proportion of our collection is available in gram quantities; this means we can ensure a very high level of re-supply of originally tested compounds.
If you want to explore SAR by catalogue or some initial Chemistry we can also assist with hit follow up (nearest neighbour/analogue searching) and Hit to Lead Chemistry.
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